Organization of production processes

The form of organization of production is a way of building the production process in space and its implementation over time.

It manifests itself unambiguously in the smallest production units of the industrial enterprise – the production sections and lines in which the individual partial processes of the main or auxiliary production process are carried out.

The following types of organization of production are described in theory and used in practice:

  • group form of organization of production;
  • the current form of organization of production;
  • subject form of organization of production;
  • subject-group form of organization of production;
  • virtual-cellular form of organization of production.

To clarify the various forms of organization of production
in the industrial enterprise and for their comparison it is necessary to use the same set of features, through which to describe their specific manifestations in each of them. Reference: “SWOT analysis of the industrial enterprise”, https://stc-montreal.org/swot-analysis-of-the-industrial-enterprise/

The signs that characterize the forms of organization of production in the industrial enterprise are:
specialization of the production section (line);

The specialization of the production section (line) characterizes the homogeneity of the performed technological operations or the produced products in the production section or line and is a concrete expression of the manifestation of the principle of specialization of the production unit. The specialization of the production section (line) can be:

  • technological (operational) specialization – homogeneous technological operations are carried out in the production section or line;
  • subject specialization – homogeneous production is made in the production section or line;
  • degree of specialization of the jobs in the production site or line;

The degree of specialization of the jobs in the production site or line characterizes the possibilities of his jobs to produce a variety of products and is directly dependent on his specialization. According to the degree of specialization, the jobs can be:

  • universal – for the production of a wide variety of products, which is why they are used predominantly in technologically specialized areas;
  • specialized – for the production of homogeneous products, which is why they are used in subject-specialized sections or lines;
  • special – for the production of a certain type of production, which is why they are used in very narrowly specialized lines;

Manner of available jobs at the production site or line

The manner of the location of the jobs in the production section or line characterizes their location in the technologically or subject-specialized sections or lines. In the production section (line) the workplaces can be located in one of the following ways:

  • group placement of workplaces – applied in the technologically specialized sections;
  • subject-linear arrangement of the workplaces – is applied in the subject-specialized production lines with narrow specialization (highest degree of homogeneity of the delivered production); Reference: “Management and engineering in organizations”, https://www.worldforgemagazine.com/management-and-engineering-in-organizations/
  • subject-nonlinear arrangement of the workplaces – it is applied in subject-specialized production sections or lines with wide specialization (limited structural and technological similarity of the produced production);
  • subject-group location of workplaces – applied in subject-specialized production areas with a very wide subject specialization, expressed in limited similarity in terms of technological content of partial processes and the possibilities for the manufacture of semi-finished products or products with the same technical means ;
  • evenly distributed distribution of workplaces • – is applied in subject-specialized production sections with the widest possible (conditional) subject specialization, expressed in the possibility to make different semi-finished products or products only with technical similarity – by using the same technical means ( machines);
  • repeatability of partial processes in the production site or line;

The repeatability of the partial processes in the production site or line characterizes the time performance of the individual partial processes that take place in the respective production site or line. In the production site or line the repeatability of the partial processes can be:

  • rhythmic repeatability – the individual partial processes are performed in the production line continuously at regular intervals, ie. the production of the respective type of semi-finished products or products is rhythmic; Reference: “Reorganization of business processes in the organization”, https://w-europe.org/reorganization-of-business-processes-in-the-organization/
  • periodic repeatability – the individual partial processes are performed in the production site or line during certain periods with the same or different duration, ie. is the periodic production of the respective type of semi-finished products or products;
  • indefinite repeatability – the individual partial processes are performed in the production site at an indefinite interval of time or are not repeated at all, ie. one-time is the production of the respective type of semi-finished products or products;
  • coherence of production operations from partial processes by duration;

The coherence of the production operations from the partial processes by duration characterizes the presence of coherence in the durations of the production operations from the respective partial processes carried out in the production site or line. Two specific cases are possible for the coherence of the durations of the production operations of the respective partial processes:

  • synchronized (agreed by duration) – production
  • operations of the respective partial process have the same or multiple duration; Reference: “Business process reengineering”, https://mstsnl.net/business-process-reengineering/
  • asynchronous (uncoordinated in duration) – the production operations of the respective partial process have different duration;
  • way of combining the technological operations from the partial processes;

The way of combining the technological operations from the partial processes characterizes the degree of simultaneous execution of the technological operations from the respective partial process over the semi-finished products from the batch – without or with overlapping in time of the pairs of consecutive technological operations. In the production site (line) the technological operations can be combined in one of the following ways:

  • consecutive matching – the pairs of consecutive technological operations of the respective partial process are performed without overlapping in time;
  • parallel combination – the pairs of consecutive technological operations of the respective partial process is performed with a maximum overlap in time;
  • parallel-sequential combination – the pairs of consecutive technological operations from the respective partial process are performed without interruption over all semi-finished products from the batch with maximum or less than the maximum overlap in time depending on the duration of the technological operations;

Manner of movement of the semi-finished products from the batch;

The mode of movement of the semi-finished products from the batch characterizes the quantity of the semi-finished products from each batch, which moves together between the workplaces on the production site or line. In the production site or line, the semi-finished products can be moved in one of the following ways:

  • single movement – each semi-finished product moves independently;
  • on transport lots – several semi-factories of the respective batch move together;
  • batch movement – all semi-finished products from the batch move together;
  • interoperative transfer of the semi-finished products from the batch;

The interoperative movement of the semi-finished products from the batch characterizes the moments of moving the semi-finished products from the respective batch according to the chosen way of moving between the workplaces performing the successive production operations from the partial process. Reference: “Business process reengineering”, https://mstsnl.net/business-process-reengineering/

In the production site or line The interoperation relocation of the semi-finished products can be:

  • strictly regulated interoperation relocation – the semi-finished products from the respective batch is moved to the next workplace at equal intervals of time (rhythmically), during which the production operations of the partial process are performed;
  • regulated inter-operational transfer – the semi-finished products from the respective batch is moved to the next workplace at certain moments, ensuring continuous execution of the next production operation of the partial process over all semi-finished products from the batch;
  • unregulated interoperation relocation – the semi-finished products from the respective batch is moved to the next workplace at random moments, where they wait their turn for the execution of the next production operation of the partial process (preliminary relocation).

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *